Endnotes: education and training

1. All paragraph numbers in this section refer to our guidance Confidentiality. You can find all of our guidance online.

2. See our guidance Consent: patients and doctors making decisions together, which states that you must give patients the information they want or need about the extent to which students may be involved in their care, and of their right to refuse to take part in teaching.

3. In this guidance, ‘direct care’ refers to activities that directly contribute to the diagnosis, care and treatment of an individual. The direct care team is made up of those health and social care professionals, who provide direct care to the patient and others, such as administrative staff, who directly support that care.

4. See paragraphs 28–29 of Confidentiality for advice on implied consent.

5. Welfare attorneys, court-appointed guardians and court- appointed deputies have legal authority to make some decisions on a patient’s behalf. For disclosure in the public interest, you will be seeking their views about the patient’s preferences, rather than their consent to disclose.

6. Practical guides on arranging work experience have been published in Wales, Enabling work experience in the health sector in Wales (Careers Wales, 2012), and in England, More than photocopying: Work experience - a toolkit for the NHS (Health Education England Careers, 2015).

7. You can find the anonymisation code of practice on the ICO website.

8. Other potential identifiers include the patient’s initials, postcode, NHS or CHC number, local identifiers (such as hospital numbers), national insurance number, and key dates (such as birthdate, date of diagnosis or date of death).

9. The Academy of Medical Royal Colleges has published guidance on , which you can find on their website.

10. See paragraphs 106–112 of Confidentiality for guidance on assessing whether a disclosure would be justified in the public interest.



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